Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures 

Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures

Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures 

The Streamlined Filing Compliance Procedures can be broken down into two main programs: Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedures and Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures. While both programs present US taxpayers with an opportunity to safely get into offshore tax and reporting compliance for missed international reporting forms such as FBAR (FinCEN Form 114) and FATCA (Form 8938), the Streamlined Foreign Program provides the added benefit of a full penalty waiver. This is very enticing for taxpayers who are non-willful and out of US tax compliance. Let’s take a brief look at 7 key facts about Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures.

Willfulness vs Non-Willfulness

You must qualify as non-willful to be eligible for the Streamlined Procedures. While there is no bright-line test to determine willfulness from non-willfulness, there are various factors taxpayers can use to assess and evaluate their offshore amnesty options. Taxpayers should be careful before certifying under penalty of perjury that they are non-willful since the IRS does go after willful taxpayers who try to submit to SFOP.

Foreign Residency

When a person qualifies as non-willful and is either a US Citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident, they may qualify for the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures if they meet the residence requirement. In order to qualify, the taxpayer must have been residing outside of the United States for at least 330 days in any one of the three compliance years.

Substantial Presence Test

If the taxpayer is neither a US Citizen nor a Lawful Permanent Resident, they may still qualify for the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures if they can show they did not meet the Substantial Presence Test in any one of the three years in the compliance years. The Substantial Presence Test is a ‘counting days test’ to determine US person status (exceptions, exclusions, and limitations do apply).

1040 vs 1040-NR

In order to qualify for the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures, the taxpayer must be a US Person and/or required to file a Form 1040. Even though it is not expressly provided for in the instructions, the IRS has rejected applications solely because the taxpayer sought to amend 1040-NRs and not 1040s.

You Can File Original Returns

Unlike its Streamlined Domestic Offshore Procedure counterpart, with Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures taxpayers can file original tax returns. Thus, even if a taxpayer missed filing original returns, they can still qualify for SFOP.


When a taxpayer applies for Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures, they can claim the Foreign Earned Income and Housing Exclusions as well as Foreign Tax Credits. This may reduce or even eliminate any tax liabilities for prior year returns.

Complete Penalty Waiver

One of the key benefits of the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures is that there is a complete penalty waiver. Thus, all the terrible articles you may have come across about $10,000 per account/per year, or other penalties do not apply when the taxpayer qualifies — and is approved for — the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Procedures.

Current Year vs Prior Year Non-Compliance

Once a taxpayer missed the tax and reporting (such as FBAR and FATCA) requirements for prior years, they will want to be careful before submitting their information to the IRS in the current year. That is because they may risk making a quiet disclosure if they just begin filing forward in the current year and/or mass filing previous year forms without doing so under one of the approved IRS offshore submission procedures. Before filing prior untimely foreign reporting forms, taxpayers should consider speaking with a Board-Certified Tax Law Specialist that specializes exclusively in these types of offshore disclosure matters.

Avoid False Offshore Disclosure Submissions (Willful vs Non-Willful)

In recent years, the IRS has increased the level of scrutiny for certain streamlined procedure submissions. When a person is non-willful, they have an excellent chance of making a successful submission to Streamlined Procedures. If they are willful, they would submit to the IRS Voluntary Disclosure Program instead of the Streamlined Procedures. But, if a willful taxpayer submits an intentionally false narrative under the Streamlined Procedures (and gets caught), they may become subject to significant fines and penalties

Golding & Golding: About Our International Tax Law Firm

Golding & Golding specializes exclusively in international tax, specifically IRS offshore disclosure

Contact our firm today for assistance.

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